“The Dutch-Belgium Forces and Leaders at Waterloos: 
An Operational Overview.”

By Jackson Sigler, FINS
Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution
Florida State University

The forces of King William I of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands were in combat from the opening minutes of the Waterloo campaign until the final repulse of Napoleon’s Imperial Guard. Nominally commanded by William’s youthful son, the Prince of Orange, the troops were actually led by a group of highly experienced professional officers whose decisions and leadership influenced the shape of the battles of Quatre-Bras and Mont St. Jean.  This paper examines these leaders, the organization of their forces, and their operational deployment by Lord Wellington.


Jackson Sigler received his Ph.D. in history from Florida State University in 2006 where he studied under Dr. Donald Horward.  His dissertation -- “General Paul Thiébault:  His Life and Legacy,” is a study of this controversial revolutionary officer, Napoleonic general, author of military histories, and first president of the supervisory committee of the Royal General Staff during the Restoration.  Dr. Sigler is currently an interview specialist for the Reichelt Program for Oral History and a member of the Institute for the Study of Napoleon and the French Revolution at FSU.  In this later capacity,  he has present numerous papers on Napoleonic subjects at meetings of the Consortium on the Revolutionary Era, at the International Congress on the Peninsular War (Lisbon (2007) and the International Napoleonic Society Conferences at Dinard (2005) and Montreal (2009).  Before returning to school, Dr. Sigler retired from the American Foreign Service where he specialized in political-military affairs and served in both overseas assignments and as Advisor to the Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Central Command, in Tampa, Florida.