XXXV International Congress of Military History


The International Commission for Military History held its 35 th congress in Porto, Portugal August 30 to September 4 th, 2009. The theme of the congress was ‘Warfare in the Age of Napoleon: Precedents, military campaigns and lasting impacts.’ President J. David Markham represented the INS and used the opportunity to meet with scholars from around the world to promote INS activities and encourage them to host future INS congresses. He had fruitful discussions with delegations from Austria, Portugal, Israel, Germany, Greece, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. President Markham also met with current INS Fellows, including Jacques-Olivier Boudon of the University of Paris Sorbonne (co-chair of the INS Awards Committee), Charles Esdaille of the University of Liverpool, (recent recipient of the INS literary award), Don Bittner of the USA and Allon Klebanoff of Israel.

President David Markham with Professor Jacques-Oliver Boudon of the University
of Paris Sorbonne

Professor Charles Esdaile of the UK and David
Markham share a friendly moment at the
concluding banquet

ICMH President Luc de Vos of Belgium with INS
President David Markham of the USA

Portuguese Lt. General Alexandre de Sousa Pinto,
the host of the Congress, and David Markham
discuss the very successful congress

David Markham plans future activities with
Commodore Epameinonolas Chatzopoulos,
Secretary-General of the Hellenic
Commission on Military History

INS President David Markham, United States
Commission for Military History
Secretary-General Dr. Pat Harahan
and USCMH President Dr. Hans Pawlisch

David Markham with Colonel José António Banazol, Secretary-General of the Congress

Huw Davies of the UK and Barbara Markham
enjoy one of the social occasions


Over 300 delegates attended the congress representing Angola, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameron, China, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, South Africa, Switzerland, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The presented papers dealt with a wide range of Napoleonic topics from many different points of view. The academic portion of the congress ended on Friday with a summary presentation by Professor Esdaile on ‘The Napoleonic Wars in a Global Context.’ This was followed by an address by INS President Markham on the history of the INS and ways that the INS and the ICMH can cooperate in the future, including submission of articles for the journal and the website, participation in INS congresses, and hosting and/or joint sponsorship of congresses. The talk was well received and afterwards many delegates expressed interest in becoming Fellows of the INS and playing an active role in future activities.


The congress, which was funded by the ICMH, the city of Porto, the Portuguese Department of Defense and the Portuguese Army, featured several tours of important areas and numerous receptions and meals, all of which gave delegates opportunities to establish personal and professional relationships with fellow scholars.


The next ICHM Congress will be in Amsterdam 29 August to 3 September 1010. The theme will be ‘Insurgency and Counterinsurgency: irregular warfare from 1800 to the present.’ INS Fellows who have an interest in this area are encouraged to attend. Further information can be found on their website,




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