The Institute of World History (Russian Academy of Science) Presents an International Conference Napoleon's 1812 Russian Campaign in the World History : a Retrospective View.

Held jointly and in close Cooperation
and Collaboration with
the International Napoleonic Society's
Tenth International Napoleonic Society

Moscow, Russian Federation
9-13 July 2012


200 Years Later, Great Napoleonic Success in Moscow!

The International Napoleonic Society held its Tenth International Napoleonic Congress in Moscow, Russia, from 9-13 July 2012. Unlike Napoleon’s visit in 1812, the INS visit led to great success. Of course, it helped that, unlike in 1812, we were hosted by very friendly Russians and were part of an international group of scholars from throughout the world. Indeed, our congress was in close cooperation with the Institute of World History in the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian State University for the Humanities, the Association Dialogue Franco-Russe, and the State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve.

Moscow is a truly amazing and beautiful city and also a major learning center. Our congress opened in the internationally renowned Russian Academy of Sciences. We were welcomed by representatives of the host organizations, including INS President J. David Markham, as well as The Russian State University for the Humanities, who would host the congress on its third day of academic presentations.

After a break, the conference got underway with papers that gave an overview of the 1812 campaign. Throughout the day we heard from a wide range of distinguished scholars on topics that covered many aspects of the campaign. You can see the specific papers and presenters in the program elsewhere on this site.

After a long day of papers, participants retired to the bar or dinner to relax with old and new friends.

Tuesday was a continuation of the academic papers from scholars around the world and on a very wide range of topics. Of special interest was the closing roundtable on national historiographies of the Napoleonic Wars. This led to a great deal of discussion on several topics, including the rather interesting question of whether or not Napoleonic history was dead or dying. There seemed to be some agreement that while book sales and interest are down somewhat, in spite of this being the bicentennial of all things Napoleonic, interest in Napoleon would continue to thrive in the future.

On Wednesday we took buses to the Russian State University for the Humanities where we had another very full day of interesting papers. If nothing else, we all learned just how many different topics and approaches were possible in dealing with this subject. After INS President Markham officially closed the academic portion of the congress, we all retired to our hotels to enjoy the company of friends and to rest up for Thursday’s exciting program.

The battlefield of Borodino is one of the best preserved battlefields in the world and we were all excited to have the opportunity to visit it on Thursday. We were not disappointed. Our expert guide from the museum and preserve, Alexander Gorbunov and his wife Olga, took us to all of the important sites and monuments. We investigated the positions of the Russians, French and Poles and began to have a real understanding for how the battle unfolded throughout the day.

We were treated to a light snack, during which time Alexander Gorbunov presented INS President Markham with the medal of the Battlefield of Borodino, struck to commemorate the bicentennial of the battle.

One very moving moment came at the tomb for the unknown soldiers of all the armies. One of our INS Fellows and participants at the congress was General Henri Paris from Paris, France. One of his ancestors died at Borodino, so we had a moment of silence and General Paris placed some flowers on the tomb.

The trip ended with a nice lunch in a complex that included a small private museum full of artifacts from the battlefield.

Moscow is a beautiful city, and never more so than at night. So once we returned from Borodino and had a chance to recover a bit, some of us took advantage of a nighttime tour of Moscow, organized by Allon Klebanoff of Israel. And what a tour it was. Most memorable to many was the Kremlin, The State Historical Museum, GUM, and St Basils, buildings that make up the four sides of Red Square. That area is always beautiful, as befits its name (Red in Russian means beautiful), but at night it is nothing short of amazing!

Friday brought more delights, as we took a tour of the Kremlin grounds and cathedrals as well as of the amazing museum in the Armory building. First time visitors were amazed at how extensive the grounds are and how incredible is the museum collection. Of course one of the highlights for our group was the beautiful table service given to Emperor Alexander by Emperor Napoleon after Tilsit.

The day, and the congress, concluded with an INS farewell dinner at the restaurant Boris Godunov, just off of Red Square. Good food, music and dance, and the usual camaraderie were in order. As usual, ‘a good time was had by all,’ at the dinner and throughout the entire week.

As always, our congress offered the opportunity for scholars from around the world to share their knowledge in a friendly and historic setting. Our Russian hosts did an outstanding job and we all want to express our deep appreciation. We will soon have congresses in Germany, Corsica and Belgium, followed in later years by Poland, Ireland, Cuba, Canada, the US and any number of other places. We hope to see you there!



Opening Remarks of INS President J. David Markham
10th International Napoleonic Congress
Moscow, Russia
9 July 2012


Distinguished Guests and Friends:

The year 1812 was a very significant year in both Europe and North America. We are in the process of commemorating the War of 1812 in North America. Americans and Canadians may disagree on who won or who should have won, but the conversation is between friends and allies and often takes place while enjoying a fine Canadian or American wine!

Such is the case here as well. We have scholars from all over Europe and North America. Many of our countries were involved in the conflicts of this era, but it would be difficult to generalize as to which side they were on.

Take Napoleonic France and the Russia of Alexander. At first they were adversaries, then allies, then adversaries again. This is a pattern seen throughout the world and throughout history, nowhere more so than in Europe. Yet the world today is largely at peace, and there are certainly no major powers fighting each other now. Let us hope that 200 years from now historians are still talking about the wars that are already behind us because there are no other wars to discuss.

The International Napoleonic Society is dedicated to the serious academic study of Napoleonic History. Napoleon is one of the most important people in history, and certainly one of the most interesting. Yet he is often very misunderstood and subject to frankly misleading or wrong images. These range from the trivial—he was not short but actually about average for the time—to the more serious, that he was a warmonger who started all of the so-called Napoleonic Wars. Those who seriously study this period understand that history—and people—are almost always more complex than simple images and explanations would have us believe.

It is conferences like this that help us all better understand history. We have brought together people who have different perspectives, access to different research material, and different cultural and historical backgrounds. But we are all dedicated to seeking the truth, and we all have much to share with each other.

I want to thank the Institute of World History in the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian State University for the Humanities, The Association Dialogue Franco-Russe, and my old friends at the State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve. It was Field Marshal Kutuzov who said that the battlefield of Borodino should be preserved, and we are all glad that Russia followed his advice. The INS is proud to be associated with these groups in what for us is our 10th International Congress. I also want to thank Thierry Lentz of the Fondation Napoleon for his participation. Et naturalement mon tres bon ami et mon general, General Henri Paris de France. Also my dear friend from Israel, Allon Klebanof, whose enthusiasm is infectious and who helped get plans for this congress underway. And, of course, I thank all the participants, some from the INS, some from other organizations, for coming to Moscow to make this congress a great success.

Finally, I want to thank my friend Nikolay Promyslov. He has been my primary contact person for this congress and without his hard work this might never have happened.

It is a pleasure and honor to be here, and I look forward to an exciting week.



Closing Remarks of INS President J. David Markham
10th International Napoleonic Congress
Moscow, Russia
13 July 2012


This has been an outstanding academic congress, which is now coming to an end. We have heard a wide range of papers. Most of them looked at various aspects of the 1812 campaign, or the Patriotic War of 1812 as our hosts call it. Some topics were general in nature, while others looked carefully at various aspects of and participants in the campaign. We heard of images of 1812 as well as of long term consequences.

In the end, we have acquired a vastly improved understanding of this campaign.

Another important aspect of this congress is the great diversity of participants. We have scholars from thirteen countries: Canada, France, the Republic of Georgia, Israel, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the United States, South Africa, and Spain. This brings a great variety of perspective to the congress, as each participant reflects a different approach and a different set of archival and other research material, often not easily available to other participants.

Finally, it is a special treat to study this topic in the wonderful city of Moscow, the real symbol of all that happened. Driving to the university we passed a number of buildings that may well have been here in 1812. And, of course, we saw one of the great structures in the world, the Kremlin. It is awesome to see that site, which served as Napoleon’s headquarters and to realize that he saw the same sight. And tomorrow we will see the most well-preserved battlefield in the world—Borodino!

I thank all of the other organizers for their hard work. But most of all I thank all of you for your hard work and your excellent participation in this congress.

And with that, I declare this academic congress concluded.


President Markham is interviewed by Russian radio and TV

Because so many organizations in Russia and around the world (especially the INS) were involved in this congress, the Russian media gave it a good amount of coverage. A number of stations filmed the opening session and a number of participants were interviewed. INS President Markham was interviewed by several stations and the magazine Ekho Planet Russia at the congress.

President Markham also was the guest on a 30 minute program called Spotlight on the English-language network Russia Today. That show was aired at the time of the bicentennial of the Battle of Borodino and you can view it here:

The Russian Academy of Science (RAS) had its own film crew covering the Congress, and their report can be seen below.


President Markham on the set of the show Spotlight presented on
the TV network Russia Today (RT)




INS Fellows meet before heading out to the first day of the conference


INS President J. David Markham makes his opening remarks


General Henri Paris (France), Allon Klebanoff (Israel) and Alex Grab (US)
review the program of the Congress.


INS President Markham is interviewed by members of the Russian television and radio media


Alex Grab (USA) makes a point as he presents his paper


Alan Forrest (UK) gives an animated presentation



Lydia Ivchenko (Russia) expresses her opinion of General Bagration during discussion




Mark Hay (UK) presents his interesting paper



Luke Dalla Bona (Canada) gave a talk that ranged from Napoleon’s pistols to Fidel Castro!



Ivane Menteshahvili (Georgia), Allon Klebanoff (Israel) and Elena Khonineva (Russia)
enjoy their friendship during a break


Margaret Crosby-Arnold discusses her ideas on Napoleon’s motivation for 1812



General Henri Paris (France) makes a point during a discussion


Edna Markham discusses problems with the famous Minard map of the 1812 campaign




In the context of the year of Russian history and
200-anniversary of the War of 1812


Institute of World History Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian State University for the Humanities
Association Dialogue Franco-Russe
International Napoleonic Society
State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve




Tel: +7 (495) 954-48-46, +7(917) 531-99-01

Report – 20 minutes
Comments – 5 minutes


Program of the conference

Monday, July 9. Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospect 32a

9:30 am           Registration
10:00-10:45 am          Keynote Address (President’s Hall)
Alexander Tchubarian, Director of Institute of world history, Academician RAS, Russia
Yury Osipov, President of Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician RAS, Russia
J. David Markham, President of International Napoleonic Society, USA
Wladimir Yakunin, Co-president of Association Dialogue Franco-Russe, President of JSCo “Russian Railways”, Russia
Efim Pivovar, Rector of Russian State University for the Humanities, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Mikhail Tcherepashenets, Diector of State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, Russia

10:45-11:00 am          Coffee break

Session 1 (President’s Hall)               11:00 am – 1:00 pm
The War of 1812 in History. Chairs: Alexander Tchubarian and Marie-Pierre Rey

Vadim Roginsky, Institute of World history, Russia
The Patriotic War of 1812 in History

Marie-Pierre Rey, Université Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne
Enjeux et conséquences géopolitiques de la guerre de 1812

J. David Markham, President of International Napoleonic Society, USA
Napoleon’s Disastrous Decisions in Russia

Thierry Lentz, Fondation Napoléon, France
Napoléon’s European Project

Alexander Tchoudinov, Institute of the World History, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
The Patriotic War in the Perception of the Russian People.

Comments: the Audience

Lunch             1:00-2:00 pm

Session 2 (Red Hall)              2:00-4:00 pm
Russia and France in 1812. Chairs: Alexander Bezborodov and J. David Markham

Victor Bezotosny, Russian State Historical Museum, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
The Price of Victory and the Consequences of the 1812 War

Andrej Koudriachenko, Institute of World history, Ukrainian national academy, Ukraine
Ukraine according to Napoleon’s plans in 1812

Dimitry Tselorungo, State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, Russia
The Russian High Command in 1812: A Prosopographical Analysis

Vladislav Rjeoutski, Bristol University, UK
Russo-French Relations and the French Diaspora in Russia in 1812 

John. G. Gallaher, Southern Illinois University, USA
King Jérôme and General Vandamme in the early phase of the 1812 Campaign

General Henri Paris (Ret.), International Napoleonic Society, France
The Battle to Cross the Berezina River: Napoleon Saves the Grande Armée and Counter-attacks

Coffee break                          4:00-4:15 p.m.

Session 3 (Red Hall)              4:15-7:00 pm
Russia and France in 1812, continued. Chairs: Wladimir Bushouev and Alan Forrest

Vladimir Zemtsov, Yekaterinburg Pedagogical University, Russia
Napoléon in Moscow Kremlin

Andrey Popov, Samara State University, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
Partisans of the Grande Armée in Russia

Sergey Khomchenko, State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, Russia
French Prisoners in Russia and the Local Population

Roman Bliznyakov, Crimean University of Culture, Arts and Tourism, Ukraine
Southern Ukraine Lands and Elite of Novorossiya during Patriotic War of 1812

Tomasz Klauza, International Napoleonic Society, Poland
The Fifth Corps of the Grande Armée During the Russian Campaign 1812

Alexander Grab, University of Maine, International Napoleonic Society, USA
Italian Soldiers in the Napoleonic Invasion into Russia

Zinaida Tchekantceva, Institute of the World History, Russia
Historical Events of 1812 and Epistemology of Images

Comments: the Audience


Tuesday, July 10. Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospect 32a

Session 4 (Red Hall)                          9:00-10:45
Belligerents: The Image of the Other in 1812. Chairs: Thierry Lentz and Alexander Tchoudinov

Alan Forrest, York University, International Napoleonic Society, Great Britain
The French in 1812: Images and Memories of the Russian Campaign

Nikolay Promyslov, Institute of World History, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
Against Space and Climate?

Lydia Ivchenko, “The Battle of Borodino” Panorama, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
Napoléon as seen by the Russian Officer Corps

Andzey Nieuwazny, Torun University, Poland
Russia and the Russians as Seen by the Poles, 1811-1813  

Andrey Mitrophanov, Russia
A Friend or Foe? Napoléon and Paris Newspapers on the French Émigrés in 1799 and 1814 Comparative Analysis

Comments: the Audience

Coffee break                          10:45 – 11:00 am

Session 5 (Red Hall)                          11:00 am – 1:00 pm
Belligerents: The Image of the Other in 1812, continued. Chairs: Andrey Gladyshev and Andzey Nieuwazny

Maya Gubina, Bibliothèque InterUniversitaire Sorbonne, France
1812 as a War of Quills: the Bulletins of the Grande Armee vs. the Leaflets produced by the Russian General Staff

Eugene Prusskaya, Institute of World History, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
Bonaparte’s Egyptian Expedition of 1798-1801 and the Image of the East

Maria Zozaya Montes, Valladolid’s University, International Napoleonic Society, Spain
Friends or Enemies? Spanish Captives in France, 1809-1814

Eugenia Smoktiy, University Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain
Spanish Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches against the Napoleonic Invasion

Romain Buclon, University of Grenoble, France
An Insight into 1812. The Allied Forces of Napoleon and the Russians as Seen by the French Soldiers during the Russian Campaign.

Lubov Melnikova, Institute of Russian history, Russian academy of sciences
Antinapoleonic Propaganda in Russia 1806–1814: Forming the Image of the Enemy

Comments: the Audience

Lunch                         1:00-2:00 pm

Session 6 (Red Hall)                          2:00-4:15 pm
International Relations During the Napoleonic Era. Chairs: Alexander Grab and Vadim Roginsky

Alexander Orlov, Moscow State Humanitarian University, Russia
Anglo-Russian Peace Treaty, July 18, 1812: history of its preparation and conclusion

Oleg Zakharchyk, National Aircraft University, Ukraine
Negotiations in Frankfurt in 1813 according Russian modern historiography

Dimitry Malyshev, Tavrida National V.I. Vernadsky University, Ukraine
Crimea in the Context of Oriental Problem before and during  Patriotic War of 1812

Igor Mednikov, Institute of World History, Russia
The 1812 in Russian-Spanish relations

Nikolay Mogilevsky, Russia
Russian Diplomacy and International Congresses in Prague and Châtillon, 1813-14

Tadeusz Klupczyński, International Napoleonic Society, Poland
With Emperor or Tsar: Polish Dilemmas of the Napoleonic Era

Comments: the Audience

Coffee break                                      4:15-4:30 pm

Session 7 (Red Hall)                          4:30-6:00 pm

The 1812 Russian Campaign as echoed in international Relations, continued. Chairs: Alexander Gorbunov and Vladislav Rjeoutski

Alexandra Khorosheva, Institute of World History, Russia
The Belgian Départements Within the Napoleonic Empire

Galina Shatokhina, Institute of World History, Russia
The Netherlands During the Napoleonic wars


Johan Joor, International Napoleonic Society, International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam
"Nous continuons à être inondés de pamphlets et d’affiches": form, frequency and content of anti-Napoleonic incitement in the Netherlands in the years of Annexation and the role of '1812'.

Peter Baratov, Institute of World History, Russia
The War of 1812 and the National Awakening in the Czech Territories

Comments: the Audience

Special Session (Red Hall)                                        6:00-7:30 pm
Roundtable: National Historiographies of the Napoleonic Wars. Moderators: Wladimir Zemtsov, Nikolay Promyslov
Thierry Lentz, Lidia Ivchenko, Alan Forrest, Maria Zozaya Montes, Andzey Neyvazny, Eman Vovsi.

Wednesday, July 11. Russian State University for the Humanities,
Chajanova st. 15

Session 8                                            9:00-10:45 am
The 1812 Russian Campaign as echoed in international Relations. Chairs: Efim Pivovar and Johan Joor

William Nester, St. Johns University, International Napoleonic Society, USA
Why did Napoleon Do It?  Hubris, Security Dilemmas, Brinkmanship, and the 1812 Russian Campaign

Mark Hay, King’s College London, UK
The Dutch Experience and Memory of the Campaign of 1812: Final Feat of Arms of the Dutch-Imperial Contingent, or: Resurrection of the Independent Dutch Armed Forces?

Olga Okuneva, Institute of World History, Russia
The Echo of Napoleonic Wars in the New World: An Eventful Turn in the Brazilian History

Luke Dalla Bona, Canada
How Did Napoleon’s Pistols Get from Borodino in 1812 to Havana in 2012?

Anna Matveeva, Institute of World History, Russia
German Identity and the Napoleonic Era

Comments: the Audience

Coffee break                                      10:45-11:00 am

Session 9                                            11:00am – 1:00 pm
The 1812 Russian Campaign as echoed in international Relations, continued. Chairs: Viktor Bezotosny and Maya Gubina

Margaret B. Crosby-Arnold, Columbia University, International Napoleonic Society, USA
Was 1812 An Economic War? The Motives for Napoleon’s Russian Campaign

Alla Namazova, Institute of World History, Russia
Prince Leopold Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and His Participation in the Napoleonic Wars, Based on Russian Archival Sources

Elena Kiseleva, Institute of World History, Russia
The Role of Campaigns 1812–1815 in Forming of Liberal Views of Decembrist Nikolay Tourgeniev

Alexander Podmazo, Russia
Questions of Classification of the 1812 Patriotic War and its place in the Context of the Napoleonic Wars.

Alexander Sagomonyan, Moscow State Linguistic University, Russia
The Spanish military contingent in the Grande Armée, 1812

Alexander Bespalov, Russia
Troops of the Swiss Confederation During the Russian Campaign, 1812

Comments: the Audience

Lunch                                                 1:00-2:00 pm

Session 10                                          2:00-3:30 pm
The 1812 Patriotic War: Legacy and Memory. Chairs: John. G. Gallaher and Lidia Ivchenko

Alexander Gorbunov, State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, International Napoleonic Society, Russia
The place of memory in the historical landscape of the Borodino battlefield

Alena Postnikova, Yekaterinburg Pedagogical University, Russia
The Battle of the Berezina in European Historical Memory

Nikolay Kopylov, MGIMO - University, Russia
The Battle of the Berezina, November 26-28, 1812, in Reminiscences of Soldiers and Officers of the Grande Armée

Ivan Menteshahvili, International Napoleonic Society, Republic of Georgia
A Historical Truth: Napoleon as Depicted in Poetry by Voloshin, Tyutchev and Pushkin   

Comments: the Audience

Session 11                                          3:30-5:00 pm
The 1812 Patriotic War: Legacy and Memory. Chairs: Wladimir Zemtsov and Maria Zozaya Montes

Nikolay Podosokorsky, Russia
A Theme of the 1812 War in the Writings of Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Natalia Rostislavleva, Russian State University for the Humanities, Russia
Representations of the Napoleon’s Russian Campaign in German Historical Narrative in the
19th century

Allon Klebanoff, The Centre for Western Studies, International Napoleonic society
"Luckless commander!! Ah, your fate was bitter gall!" (Pushkin). Barclay de Tolly – reviled foreigner or the saviour of Russia?

Ramil Rahimov, State University of Bashkortostan, Russia
The Bashkir irregular cavalry in the Napoleonic wars: a phenomenon and historical reminiscence

Gregory Bibikov, Institute of Russian History, Russia
Russian statesmen from the 1820s to the 1850s: the War of 1812 and the making of a political elite

Comments: the Audience

Coffee break                                      5:00-5:15 pm

Session 12                                          5:15-7:30 pm
The 1812 Patriotic War: Legacy and Memory, continued. Chairs: Oleg Zakharchuk and  Alla Namazova

Grigory Lanskoj, Russian State University for the Humanities, Russia
The Documents about Patriotic War of 1812 in Moscow State Archives

Anita Cherpinska, Latvian University, Latvian Republic
The War of 1812 and Historical Memory in Latvia

Victor Totfalyshin, Saratov University, Russia
Celebrating the Centenary of the War of 1812 in Saratov province

Olivier Lammens, International Napoleonic Society, South Africa
Anecdotes of Napoleon’s Russian Campaign


Edna Markham-Mueller, International Napoleonic Society, Canada
The Use of Google Earth® to Illustrate the Russian Campaign of 1812   

Comments: the Audience

Thursday, July 12
Special session at Borodino battlefield and museum

Friday, July 13
Guided tour in English of the Kremlin and Armory Chamber
Free time




Call For Papers
The Institute of World History (Russian Academy of Science) Presents:

An International Conference
Napoleon’s 1812 Russian Campaign in the World History: a Retrospective View

Held Jointly and In Close Cooperation and Collaboration With
The International Napoleonic Society’s Tenth International Napoleonic Congress

9-13 July 2012, Moscow, Russian Federation


The 1812 military conflict between the French Empire under Napoleon and the Russian Empire under Alexander I, which is branded either as the “Patriotic War” within Russian historical circles or as the “Russian Campaign” by the Western scholars had major consequences. These consequences touched not only both Russia and France - as major protagonists of such a tragedy - but, involuntarily, many countries of the Old and New continents. Some of these countries, such as Austrian Empire, Prussia, Confederation of the Rhine, Italian Kingdom, Netherlands, Switzerland, Duchy of Warsaw and to some extent, Spain, all took direct participation in the 1812 invasion by supplying the Grande Armée with its own national contingents. On the other hand, countries such as Great Britain and Sweden assisted Russia either financially or diplomatically.

The destruction of the Napoleon’s Grande Armée in Russia dramatically shifted a geopolitical balance, and as a result built the foundation of a new anti-Napoleonic coalition which largely did away with the French dominance in Europe. On the other hand, almost every Latin American country had the start of an independence movement at 1812-14 periods.

Despite all these cornerstone events, the era of 1812 still receives only a scant attention among historians who primarily examine this period thru the limited prism of mere national historical preference. The celebration of the bicentennial of the Napoleon’s 1812 Russian Campaign - which is embraced today by academia and buffs alike - could serve as a good opportunity to change this limited tendency and bring discussion on the new level in connection to the world’s historical retrospect.

Building on this insight, the Institute of the World History at the Russian Academy of Science in close collaboration with the International Napoleonic Society extends an invitation to all interested parties for its International Conference, held jointly with the 10th INS International Napoleonic Congress, entitled “Napoleon’s 1812 Russian Campaign in World History: A Retrospective,” which will take place in Moscow, Russia, from 9 to 13 July, 2012.
Topics might include:

1. Foreign affairs and its general trends during the Napoleonic Wars
2. Diplomatic relations in Europe, 1807-15
3. Causes of Napoleon’s 1812 Russian Campaign
4. Historical significance and the aftermath of the Napoleon’s 1812 Campaign for Russia
5. Russia and Europe as military opponents in 1812 Campaign
6. Napoleon’s 1812 Russian Campaign and the Wars of that Period as historical reminiscences and people’s memory
7. “The image of the enemy” as presented by belligerents
8. Historiographical questions of the Napoleonic Wars and the 1812 Russian campaign.

Please send your preliminary agreement along with the paper topic (no later than March 19, 2012) to the administrative secretary of the conference, Mr. Nicholay Promyslov at and INS President J. David Markham at &