Message from the President


It is with great pleasure that we send you the latest issue of Napoleonic Scholarship: The Journal of the International Napoleonic Society. We feel that we have built on the foundation established by the previous journals, most notably issue 3 from 2010 and moved a step further. This issue has articles from a fine range of scholars and students from North America and several countries in Europe. We believe it further cements our journal as a true international scholarly publication.

I regret the delay in publication, all of which can be attributed to personal changes in my life that temporarily reduced my productivity. However, I am pleased to tell you that we are already working on the next issue, and we anticipate that it will be yet another step forward. The call for papers can be found elsewhere in this journal, and I personally encourage you to submit a paper for consideration by members of our Editorial Review Committee.

I commend Alexander Mikaberidze for the outstanding work he has done on this issue. And, as always, we remember with great appreciation our founder, Ben Weider, who made all of this possible.

J. David Markham, President



Message from the Editor-in-Chief


After a slight delay in production, I am pleased to present the new issue of Napoleonic Scholarship. As in previous years, this issue discusses wide-ranging issues, and contains essays both from well-known
scholars and young historians. Jeremy Black provides a panoramic and insightful view of the British Royal Navy against the backdrop of the prolonged Franco-British rivalry in the 18th century. Annie Jourdan's essay discusses Napoleon's dreams on turning Paris into the greatest city in the world, with "vast open areas ornamented by monuments and statues, gushing fountains on all the avenues to purify the air and clean the streets, with canals circulating between the trees of the boulevards encircling the capital, monuments incorporating public usefulness." Marian Hochel follows it up with his fascinating look at the career of Domonique-Vivant Denon, "The Eye of Napoleon" and the "Censor and Arbiter of Taste" as he was oftentimes called. The author seeks to understand the extent of Denon's influence on his sovereign and what role he played in the formation of the Empire Style. Natasha Naujoks, the doctoral student at the UNC (Chapel Hill), explores the enigmatic world of the Napoleonic myth following the Emperor's death in 1821. She shows that those who hoped that Napoleon's death would sap Bonapartism of its vitality were sadly disappointed and "Napoleon was even more useful to the liberals now that he was deceased."

Mark Gerges's essay brings us back to the British world and delves on the complex relationships between Wellington and his cavalry generals during the last years of the Peninsular War. A more in-depth study of the life in the British army can be gleaned in Carole Divall's captivating piece on the 30th Regiment of Line, which served with distinction during the Napoleonic Wars. Jack Sigler illustrates relationship between Napoleon's tactics at the battle of Austerlitz and the Principles of War embraced by the modern-day United States Army. Rafe Blaufarb's short but engaging article fleshes out the forgotten life of Louis-Jacques Galabert, a "virulently Anglophobic counterrevolutionary émigré," whose career literally took him around the world before bringing him to North America. Another obscure but absorbing topic is explored in Emilio Ocampo's essay on the Bonapartist efforts to rescue Napoleon from St. Helena and their reverberations in the Atlantic world.

William Chew discusses American travelers to France during the Revolution Era and provides a very useful methodological and theoretical dimension to the new interdisciplinary field of image studies, or imagology. William Nester, on the other hand, explores a more traditional topic, diplomacy, but from an
underappreciated dimension of the role of family considerations in foreign affairs. Nicholas Stark, our youngest contributor, focuses on dramatic political and social turmoil in the French Caribbean colonies during the Revolutionary Era, and investigates the Consulate policies that resulted in the maintenance and partial restoration of slavery and of the slave trade. Nikolai Promyslov explores numerous letters written by the soldiers of the Grande Armée during the invasion of Russia and seeks to reveal "immediate thoughts and feelings of French soldiers as they experienced events." Pierre Branda's essay deals with financial aspects of Napoleon's campaigns and shows that "the war definitely did not pay for the war" and that the French fiscal model, "introduced in the four corners of Europe, marked the beginning of a modern understanding of public finance." Eman Vovsi's study looks at the French high command during the period between 1792 and 1794 and argues that changes that occurred in composition of the French general officers' corps were aimed towards its professionalization and contributed to "changed perception of the French revolutionaries towards the army as government institution." Finally, my own essay seeks to present an important moment of the Napoleonic Campaigns, the occupation of Paris, through the eyes of the Russian officers who celebrated their victory over Napoleon in 1814.

We hope you will enjoy reading the journal and look forward to hearing from you!

Alexander Mikaberidze Ph.D., Editor-in-Chief