2005 Fourth INS Congress in Dinard a Great Success

L'Année Impériale


The Fourth International Napoleonic Congress, held in Dinard, France, 9-16 July 2005, brought together scholars from seven countries to present and hear academic papers and to exchange ideas in meetings and social opportunities. Hosted by the city of Dinard, the Congress also included reenactments, a parade, social functions, a Napoleonic auction and a great fireworks presentation. The INS thanks mayor Marius Mallet and his staff for their excellent cooperation in this event.


On Saturday, 9 July, INS Executive Vice-President David Markham and his wife, Barbara, met Mayor Mallet, Prince Joachim Murat, and his daughter, Princess Caroline. Together they observed the reenactment of the Battle of Austerlitz.

Prince Murat, Barbara and David Markham, Mayor Mallet
and Princess Caroline Murat meet before the Great Battle.


Sunday, 10 July, was the day of the Great Parade, and many of the scholars joined together to view the event.


The Congress officially opened on Monday the 11th in Dinard’s Palais des Arts et du Festival.


Mayor Mallet officially opened the Congress, and Markham presented him with the Eagle of the INS. Prince Murat, representing the Imperial Family, spoke of the importance of such meetings to increase knowledge of Napoleonic history and congratulated Vice-President Markham for his role in organizing the event. General Michel Franceschi, himself a Congress participant, welcomed the Congress on behalf of the French scholars, and David Markham welcomed all participants on behalf of the INS and President Ben Weider. He highlighted the important contribution made by President Weider in sponsoring these Congresses.

“Marshal” Michel Franceschi and “Duc de Dinard”
David Markham express their new friendship
at the end of the Congress.


The first day highlighted doctoral students from the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution. Michael Bonura, Tim Fitzpatrick, Eman Vovosi and Jack Sigler all gave excellent presentations (the list of presentations is at the end of this Report). They were joined by French scholar (and medical doctor) Jean Marchioni, who did an outstanding job telling the story of Dr Larrey at Austerlitz. Dmitry Shlapentokh spoke on a little-discussed aspect of the period and was the first of several speakers to focus on the Polish role in Napoleonic history.


After a full day of lectures, the Congress participants were ready to relax. The INS hosted a reception on the terrace of the beautiful Grande Hôtel Barrière overlooking the sea.

Allon Klebanoff, Jack Sigler, Ruth Godfrey
and Bill and Christa Chew enjoy the Gala Dinner.


On Tuesday morning the Congress got back to work with excellent papers by Bob Epstein, Mordechai Gichon, David Stefancic, Dominique Contant, Tadeusz Klupeznski, Betje Klier and Susan Conner. In one session, the US, Israel, France and Poland were represented! Throughout the week, after each paper or session there was often a great deal of discussion.

Bob Epstein and General Michel Franceschi congratulate
Mordechai Gichon on his outstanding presentation.

Betje Klier is joined by Valery Chebotov and Tadeusz Klupczynski.


Wednesday was another full day. Scholars Joan Blyth, John Clubbe and William Chew III discussed literature, while Russian art-historian Valery Chebotov presented a paper on Napoleonic art. After lunch in Dinard, the afternoon session concluded with presentations by General Franceschi and Jean-François Marchi. Their papers led to a heated (but friendly) discussion, followed by David Markham’s discussion of the Bulletins which closed out the day’s program.

Vice-President Markham awards Joan Blythe the Eagle of the INS.


One of the highlights of the Congress was the Gala Diner hosted Wednesday evening by the city of Dinard at the beautiful Printana Hotel overlooking the bay.

Eriz and Talia Levanon, Mordechai Gichon, Pierre Carbone, Nellie Franceschi, Angele, Olivier and Dominique Content, Chava Gichon, General Michel Franceschi, Samatha Miller at the Gala Dinner hosted by the City of Dinard.

Jean-François Marchi, Tom Morgan, David Stefancic
and Jean and Monica DeFranceschi at the Gala Dinner.


Thursday’s schedule was abbreviated to give participating scholars a chance to explore Dinard. But first, they were treated to two outstanding papers. Matthew Zarzeczny gave his ideas of the United States of Europe, and Allon Klebanof gave a tour de force multimedia presentation on Goya, Beethoven and Napoleon.

Sharon and Matthew Zarzeczny join Susan and Ronald Conner.


Friday brought the event to a close, but not until we heard three more excellent papers by John Gallaher and Jean Defranceschi, and by Tom Morgan, who also gave an outstanding multi-media presentation to end the Congress.

John Gallaher in spirited conversation
with Chava and Mordechai Gichon.


In recognition of their scholarly contribution to the field of Napoleonic studies, Vice-President Markham awarded Eagles of the INS to David Stefancic, Dominique Contant, Tadeusz Klupczynski and Joan Blythe. In addition, Tom Morgan will be awarded an Eagle at a special ceremony in September.


The Congress was by all accounts a most worthwhile experience. Plans are already underway for future congresses, with France, Poland and Russia high on the list of possibilities.


Organizing a congress such as this is never easy. Executive Vice-President David Markham, who organizes the congresses for the INS, wants to express special thanks to Mayor Mallet for his kind participation and to Françoise Pichot, the head of Mayor Mallet’s cabinet, for her great assistance in making the arrangements over the past year. Thanks also to the Grand Hôtel for all its help and gracious hospitality. Thanks to all of the participants for their help and patience. And very special thanks to Barbara Markham who, among many other things, organized the reception and the lunch.


The INS is exploring several possibilities for the publication of the papers, and an announcement will be made at the appropriate time.


The program of the Congress was as follows:


This Congress is dedicated to the memory of David Chandler and Fernand Beaucour, two extraordinary Napoleonic scholars and friends.


Saturday 9 July
1500 La Grande Bataille (Reenactment)

Sunday 10 July
1430 Meet in lobby of Grande Hotel Barrière to go to parade site
1500 Grande Parade Hommage à l’Empereur

Monday 11 July
0900 Official Opening of the Congress
The Honorable Marius Mallet, Mayor of Dinard
General Michel Franceschi, Representing French Fellows of the INS
J. David Markham, Executive Vice-President, INS
Session I Jackson Sigler (USA), Chair

1000 Michael Bonura (USA)
General Kellermann, the 4th Polish Cavalry Corps and the Leipzig Campaign

1030 Tim Fitzpatrick (USA)
Foundations for a Marshal: Emanuel de Grouchy

1100 Break

1115 Jean Marchioni (France)
Larrey à Austerlitz

1145 Eman Vovosi (USA)
The Russian Imperial Guard at Austerlitz

1215 Discussion

1245 – 1400 Lunch in Dinard
Session II Jean Marchioni ( France ), Chair

1400 Dmitry Shlapentokh (USA)
Russia as an Asiatic Threat in Post-Napoleonic Polish and French Thought: The Case of Duchinski.

1430 Jackson Sigler (USA)
The Hinge at Austerlitz - 1st Brigade - 1st Division - 4th Corps and the Principles of War

1515 Discussion

1800 Imperial Wine Reception

Tuesday 12 July
Session III Susan Conner (USA), Chair

0900 Robert Epstein (USA)
The Breakdown of the Peace of Amiens and the Origins of the War of the Third Coalition

0930 Mordechai Gichon (Israel)
Mount Tabor 1799: The Riddle of How Utter Disaster Turned into Complete Victory and its Solution

1000 Break

1015 David Stefancic (USA)
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski: Friend of the Czar, Polish Patriot and Enemy of Napoleon

1045 Betje Klier (USA)
Jacques-Louis David’ Influence on Representations of Champ d’Asile

1115 Discussion

1145 – 1430 Imperial Lunch
Session IV Robert Epstein (USA), Chair

1430 Dominique Contant (France)
Prisoners of War in France under the Empire

1500 Tadeusz M. Klupczynski (Poland)
The Battle of Austerlitz: Its Polish Aspects and Consequences

1530 Break

1545 Susan Conner (USA)
Eau-de-vie, flesh-colored tights, daggers and lace: Women under Napoleon

1615 Discussion

Wednesday 13 July
Session V Jean-François Marchi (France), Chair

0900 Joan Blyth (USA)
Milton and Napoleon

0930 John Clubbe (USA)
Napoleon and Beethoven’s Fidelilo (1805)

1000 William Chew III (Belgium)
Middle-Class Romanticism and American Exceptionalism: Washington Irving in France, 1804-1805

1030 Break

1045 Valery Chebotov (Russia)
Napoleon and His Surrounding in 1805 in French Painting

1115 Discussion

1215 – 1330 Lunch in Dinard
Session VI William Chew (Belgium), Chair

1330 General Michel Franceschi (France)
L'affaire du duc d'Enghien, une machination contre Napoléon

1400 Jean-François Marchi (France)
Napoléon, Fils de La Revolution Corse

1430 Break

1445 J. David Markham (USA)
The Images of Napoleon’s Adversaries in His Bulletins

1515 Discussion
Evening: Gala Dinner

Thursday 14 July

Vive la Révolution
Session VII John G. Gallaher (USA), Chair

0900 Matthew Zarzeczny (USA)
Napoleon's European Union: The Grand Empire of the United States of Europe

0930 Allon Klebanof (Israel)
Three Outsiders: Goya, Beethoven and Napoleon

1000 Discussion
Afternoon free to explore Dinard, St Malo or Mont St Michel

Friday 15 July
Session VIII Allon Klebanof (Israel), Chair

0900 John G. Gallaher (USA)
Napoleon and the Creation of the Marshals: 1804

0930 Jean Defranceschi (France)
Napoléon: jusqu’où iront-ils?

1000 Thomas Morgan (USA)
After Austerlitz: The Battle of Jena-Auerstädt

1030 Discussion and Concluding Remarks.
End of Congress

Saturday 16 July

2245 Gloire de L’Empire Spectacle Pyrotechnique et Musical